Norman Rockwell (paintings)
American painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell was born in New York City. In 1916, he painted his first cover for The Saturday Evening Post
American painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell was born in New York City. In 1916, he painted his first cover for The Saturday Evening Post
Much of American painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell’s work began as “studies”—simply pencil or charcoal on paper or board. He crafted many of these studies with carefully staged photographs using friends and neighbors as amateur models. Rockwell’s images depicted an uncomplicated often idyllic perspective on American culture.
Kurt Ard is a Danish illustrator, painter and printmaker who became internationally famous for his cover artwork published in popular magazines of the 1950s-1970s. Ard started his career at various smaller newspapers and worked in the same realistic tradition as his role model, illustrator and painter, Norman Rockwell.
An American artist known for his realistic paintings and etchings of Western subjects, the power of James Bama’s work is his ability to convey deeply felt humanity in his simple compositions. Critics and collectors classify him as a Western artist, while he prefers to call himself an “American Realist.” He produced book covers, movie posters, and illustrations for magazines.
John C. Berkey was a preeminent science fiction artist known particularly for his intricately detailed paintings of spaceships. In the 1960s, he was commissioned to do illustrations of NASA astronauts during the time of the space mission to the moon. Berkey’s imaginative and otherworldly art appeared on book and magazine covers, in ads and on several American movie posters that have become classics, including King Kong, The Towering Inferno,
Frederick Sands Brunner was an American painter and illustrator whose vivid commercial work appeared on the covers of The Saturday Evening Post,
After his studies at the Chicago Art Institute, Charles Edward Chambers divided his time between editorial and commission work for advertisers. His distinctive use of color coupled with his classical training resulted in arresting and captivating artwork portraits for Steinway & Sons.
The iconic “Christy Girl” illustrations evolved from Howard Chandler Christy’s work as a combat artist, and these beautiful, patriotic prototypes of the ideal American woman graced an array of magazines, calendars, and posters—particularly in support of the War. He later transitioned his talents into portrait work, notably painting President and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge.
Bradshaw Crandell’s work epitomized Hollywood glamour in the 1930s and ’40s, and the covers of Cosmopolitan magazine served as the platform for his pastel portraits, featuring the leading ladies of the day like Carol Lombard, Bette Davis, Veronica Lake, and Lana Turner.
Known for casting a satirical eye on modern American culture, Robert Crumb’s cartoons were both creative and controversial. His characters Fritz the Cat, Mr. Natural, and Devil Girl remain a strong part of his countercultural legacy, as does Weirdo magazine, which he founded in 1981 and was one of the most recognized publications in the alternative comics arena for many years.
Throughout his career, Gino D’Achille has created over 100 cover paintings for science-fiction titles by Daw Books, Ace, Ballantine, and various other publishers. He first came to the attention of American collectors with his paintings for the John Carter of Mars series by Edgar Rice Burroughs, but he is most recognized for his series of Flashman cover paintings and for his paintings for western adventures, war stories, romance novels and children’s books.
Harvey T. Dunn began his training at the Art Institute of Chicago. Much of his work was for The Saturday Evening Post
After success with creative ad campaigns for clients including Gulf Oil, Arrow Shirts, and Pall Mall, John Phillip Falter enlisted in the Navy and his artistic abilities were tapped to help create posters for recruiting drives. This work led to a relationship with The Saturday Evening Post
Harrison Fisher rose to fame with his illustrations of beautiful women. His “Fisher Girl” archetypes of beauty were in high demand for reproduction for books, magazine covers, posters and postcards. In addition, Fisher forged an exclusive deal in 1913 with Hearst Publishing to illustrate the covers of Cosmopolitan magazine—a partnership that spanned two decades.
James Montgomery Flagg was an immensely successful illustrator and cartoonist best known for his famous 1917 recruiting poster featuring a pointing Uncle Sam with the caption “I want YOU for U.S. Army.” In addition to a number of works supporting the war effort, Flagg had a very successful portfolio of magazine work with the Hearst group and was known for his skillfully crafted oil and watercolor portraits.
Frank Frazetta’s fanciful illustrations depict mystical creatures and far-away worlds of the fantasy sub-genre known as “sword and sorcery.” He was a comic book artist, a painter of movie posters and rock albums, and a book illustrator. Born in Brooklyn, he studied at the Brooklyn Academy of Fine Arts at 8 years old. He worked with oil, watercolor, ink and pencil, and he is credited with influencing many science fiction and fantasy artists who followed him.
American illustrator Bernard Fuchs abandoned his dream of becoming a trumpet player when he lost three fingers from his right hand in an industrial accident. He met much commercial success as an artist, providing artwork for McCall’s, Sports Illustrated and other magazines. He also illustrated children’s picture books and painted portraits of several U.S. Presidents as well as the day’s popular athletes and celebrities.
Charles Dana Gibson was an American illustrator from Massachusetts. He is best known for his iconic “Gibson girl,” featuring beautiful and independent women. In 1886, Gibson sold his first illustration to Life magazine, beginning a 30-year career with the publication. He enjoyed much commercial success and contributed artwork to many major New York publications, including Harper's Weekly, Scribners and Collier’s.
Mabel Rolllins Harris was an American illustrator whose work was widely reproduced for calendars, magazines and greeting cards as well as for puzzles, fans, and candy boxes. A popular pin-up artist, she was known for her spectacular nudes. By contrast, she also portrayed small children and baby animals, using soft pastels to help communicate a delicate scene of innocence.
John Held Jr.’s illustrations were featured in The New Yorker, Vanity Fair, Life and various other publications. His celebratory renditions captured the raucous spirit of the 1920s. In addition to this iconic work, Held pursued various artistic avenues, working as a cartoonist and wood block artist, experimenting with watercolor and sculpture, designing Broadway sets, illustrating books, and writing children's stories.
Swiss illustrator Henry Hintermeister immigrated to the United States and worked as a courtroom artist for a local New York paper. His work soon shifted focus to illustration for magazine cover art and calendar art. Henry Hintermeister had a son, John Hintermeister (1897-1972), and the father/son team created over 1,000 illustrations that were reproduced as prints and as jigsaw puzzles, all under the pseudonym Hy Hintermeister.
A native of New York City, George Hughes studied art and mechanical drawing for three years in New York's Art Students League and the National Academy of Design. As a freelance fashion illustrator, his work was often featured in Vanity Fair and House and Garden magazine. In 1942, he illustrated a work of fiction for The Saturday Evening Post
Frank Tenney Johnson was a thoughtful painter of the American West. His romantic, picturesque images were in stark contrast to the stop-action battle scenes of his contemporaries. Johnson painted scenes that embodied his more gentle perspective on the West, featuring cowboys, the Native Americans and Spanish settlers in a peaceful, pastoral context.
Born in Georgia, Jeffrey Jones first earned fame as a male artist but later identified as female. Her extensive work included comics, fantasy art and fine art. Starting in the mid-1960s, Jones began contributing art to fanzines. She wrote and illustrated an underground comic called Spasm, designed art for D.C. Comics and wrote and drew the strip Idyl for every issue of National Lampoon for nearly four years before venturing into fine art.
In the 1950s, Florence Kroger was a successful commercial illustrator in the United States. Her work appeared on the cover of The
Morton Künstler is regarded by many as the leading contemporary painter of Civil War scenes. His extensive, painstaking research gives his art an unparalleled level of dramatic intensity and realism. Künstler studied art at Brooklyn College, UCLA and Pratt. Künstler created artwork and covers for many pulp-fiction paper-backs and men’s magazines as well as artwork for leading advertising companies. A frequent user of pen-names, he used the alias “Mutz” for back covers of Mad Magazine and movie posters.
J.C. Leyendecker was a leading American artist during what is known as the “Golden Age of Illustration.” He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Academie Julian in Paris. Leyendecker’s artwork was on the cover of the very first issue of The Saturday Evening Post i
American printmaker and illustrator, Bertha Lum made a significant contribution to the Japonisme movement with her woodblock prints and paintings. The subject of her work ranged from children to landscapes to mysterious figures from Asian folklore. In 1885, Lum attended the Art Institute of Chicago for one year. It wasn’t until 1907 that she went to Japan and studied under a master block cutter who helped hone her skills.
Frank McCarthy began his art career as a commercial illustrator in New York City, painting illustrations for paperback books, magazines, movie companies and advertising agencies. In 1968, he left the world of commercial art and began concentrating on painting the American West. His Western art is renowned for its intricately detailed portrayal of high-action scenes.
British artist Chris Moore is recognized as a master of detailed science fiction illustration. In addition to numerous book covers, Moore worked in advertising, designed record sleeves and provided concept art for filmmakers, including Stanley Kubrick and George Lucas. His impressive body of work ranges from landscape, portrait and still life work to science fiction, horror and digital illustration.
Alphonse Mucha was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, best known for his distinct style and his romantic, detailed images of women. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, and designs for costumes and theatre sets in what was initially called the “Mucha Style” but became known as “Art Nouveau.” His art featured captivating young women with spiraling hair, wearing extravagant flowing robes and often surrounded by blooming flowers.
Canada-born painter Walter Tandy Murch is known for his still life works featuring machinery, clothing and clocks. His style is difficult to classify, but it has been described as Magic Realist, Surrealist, Romantic Realist and just Realist. He frequently juxtaposed incongruous objects in his artwork, such as a piece of machinery with a piece of fruit. Murch did freelance cover art for publications like Scientific American and taught at Pratt Institute, New York University, Columbia University and Boston University.
Maxfield Parrish was an American painter and illustrator who was one of the most successful and prolific artists of the Golden Age of Illustration. Not part of a traditional movement or school, Parrish’s work defies categorization. He studied at Haverford College, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and Drexel Institute of Art, Science & Industry, after which he began an artistic career that lasted for more than half a century.
Colorado-born illustrator Robert Peak is credited with developing the modern movie poster. He designed artwork for many films, including West Side Story, Rollerball, Star Trek, Superman and Apocalypse Now. Peak’s posters featured imaginative and fantastical imagery, while prior advertising was limited to film stills.
Howard Pyle was an American illustrator and author. During his prolific career, he produced illustrations for nearly 3,500 publications. Many of those images were illustrated books and articles he authored: 200 magazine articles and 19 books. In 1894, he founded the nation’s first School of Illustration at Drexel University.
Manuel Pérez Clemente (better known as Sanjulián) is a Spanish painter best known for his magazine and novel covers. He studied art at the Belles Arts of Sant Jordi, one of the top art schools in Spain. Sanjulián’s technical mastery has earned him much commercial work in the fields of comic and fantasy publications.
Illinois-born Richard Sargent painted 47 covers for The Saturday Evening Post
Commercial artist Norman Saunders produced paintings for pulp magazines, paperbacks, comic books and trading cards. He studied at the Grand Central School of Art and went on to work in a variety of genres, including Westerns, weird menace, detective and sports. Saunders sometimes signed his work with his middle name, Blaine.
Mead Shaeffer studied at the Pratt Institute and was hired at the age of 24 to illustrate a series of classic books, including Moby Dick, The Count of Monte Cristo
Frank Earle Schoonover studied with Howard Pyle at the Drexel Institute and later became part of Pyle’s artists’ colony and the style of illustration known as the Brandywine School. The works produced there were action scenes published in early 20th century adventure novels, magazines and romances. Schoonover produced over 2,000 paintings during his career.
Jessie Willcox Smith was a leading female illustrator during the Golden Age of Illustration. She contributed artwork to many prominent magazines, including Collier's, Harper’s and Ladies' Home Journal. In addition, she created all the covers for Good Housekeeping from 1915-1933. Smith’s work frequently depicted precious images of children and maternal love.
Minnesota-born Raymond J. Stuart was an illustrator best known for his calendar art and magazine covers. Stuart is said to have disliked children, despite most of his subjects having been children. His use of rich colors and his focus on whimsical subject matter made him very popular in his day.
Nearly every single one of Charles Twelvetrees’ illustrations featured children. His artwork was featured on magazine covers, including The Home
American illustrator Jon Whitcomb was a pioneer in the use of gouache instead of oil paint. His work focused in on the subject—usually an attractive young woman—and simplified the background. He produced story illustrations and covers for magazines, including Collier's Weekly, Good Housekeeping, McCall’s and Playboy.
A student of Howard Pyle, N.C. Wyeth was a painter and illustrator whose work was meant to be easily interpreted by the viewer. Over the course of his career, Wyeth created over 3,000 paintings and illustrated 112 books, 25 of them for Scribner’s. He is best known for his series of illustrations for Treasure Island, considered by many to be his masterpiece. Wyeth also created posters, calendars and advertisements.