In the early days of filmmaking, many actors applied their own makeup, an endeavor that involved greasepaint and powder and layers of pancake makeup to counteract the challenges presented by black and white film. The term “makeup” as a noun was popularized by Max Factor (1872-1938). A talented wigmaker, he also formulated the first cosmetic specifically for use in film.

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Makeup and Creature Design as Narrative Art

Phil Tippett


Tippett Studio

Lucas Museum of Narrative Art